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Muzio Clementi (Composer)

Born: 24th January 1752, Rome, Italy

Died: 10th March 1832, Evesham, England

Nationality: Italian

Muzio Filippo Vincenzo Francesco Saverio Clementi was an Italian composer, pianist, pedagogue, conductor, music publisher, editor, and piano manufacturer, who was mostly active in England.

Encouraged to study music by his father, he was sponsored as a young composer by Sir Peter Beckford who took him to England to advance his studies. Later, he toured Europe numerous times from his long-standing base in London. It was on one of these occasions, in 1781, that he engaged in a piano competition with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.

Influenced by Domenico Scarlatti's harpsichord school and Haydn's classical school and by the stile Galante of Johann Christian Bach and Ignazio Cirri, Clementi developed a fluent and technical legato style, which he passed on to a generation of pianists, including John Field, Johann Baptist Cramer, Ignaz Moscheles, Giacomo Meyerbeer, Friedrich Kalkbrenner, Johann Nepomuk Hummel and Carl Czerny.

Further Reading: Clementi

 Interview, David Owen Norris on Mozart in the Nineteenth-Century Drawing-Room

The pianist talks to Katherine about his new recording of Hummel, Cramer and Clementi’s arrangements of Mozart symphonies and overtures for ‘Jupiter Ensemble’ (flute, violin, cello and piano), out now on Hyperion.

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