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Ottorino Respighi (Composer)

Born: 9th July 1879, Bologna, Italy

Died: 18th April 1936, Rome, Italy

Nationality: Italian

Ottorino Respighi was an Italian composer, violinist, teacher, and musicologist who was one of the leading Italian composers of the early 20th century. His compositions range over operas, ballets, orchestral suites, choral songs, and chamber music, and include transcriptions of Italian compositions of the 16th, 17th, and 18th centuries as well as the works of Bach and Rachmaninoff. Among his best known and most performed works are his three Roman tone poems, which brought him international fame: Fountains of Rome (1916), Pines of Rome (1924), and Roman Festivals (1928). All three demonstrate Respighi's noted use of rich orchestral colours, massive orchestral forces and programmatic themes.

Born and raised in Bologna, Respighi studied violin, viola, and composition at the Liceo Musicale di Bologna.

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