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Heinrich Ignaz Franz von Biber (Composer)

Born: 12th August 1644, Straz pod Ralskem, Czechia

Died: 3rd May 1704, Salzburg, Austria

Nationality: Austrian

Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber was a Bohemian-Austrian composer and violinist. Born in the small Bohemian town of Wartenberg (now Stráž pod Ralskem), Biber worked in Graz and Kremsier (now Kroměříž) before he illegally left his Kremsier employer, Prince-Bishop Carl Liechtenstein-Kastelkorn, and settled in Salzburg. He remained there for the rest of his life, publishing much of his music but apparently seldom, if ever, giving concert tours.

Biber was among the major composers for the violin in the history of the instrument.

Further Reading: Biber

Recording of the Week, Isabelle Faust - Solo

The German violinist is at her intelligent, expressive best in a programme of works for unaccompanied violin by Matteis père et fils, Pisendel, Guillemain, Vilsmayr and Biber.

Interview, Florian Deuter on Biber's sonatas "for altar and court"

The violinist talks about his recent album of ensemble music by Biber - twelve sonatas for various combinations of instruments, interleaved with twelve duos for trumpets, all coming from Biber's time in the service of the Salzburg court.

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